| CSIR Award for S&T Innovations for
Rural Development- 2007 & 2008 |
Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan
Singh today gave away the CSIR award for S&T Innovations for Rural Development
at a function in New Delhi.
CSIR Award for S&T Innovations for Rural
Development for the year 2007 is conferred jointly on National Research Centre
on Yak (NRC-Yak), Dirang for Improvement of Sustainable Yak Husbandry Practices
in Himalayan Region and Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute (NARI),
Phaltan alongwith National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune for Use of the
FecB (Booroola) gene in Deccani breed of sheep to increase lamb production and
thereby the incomes of Shepherds.
NRC-Yak has successfully standardized
the protocol for super ovulation, embryo recovery and transfer in yak. This unique
effort has enabled stabilization of the dwindling Yak population in the states
of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. The age
for attaining puberty has also decreased, as a result yaks are now producing one
calf/year instead of the earlier record of 1 calf/3 years. Further, the Centre
has produced the first ever female yak calf "MISMO" through embryo transfer
technology. The rural communities in Yak inhabited states are getting benefited
tremendously from this research effort as they get more produce and services by
rearing the yak.
NARI in collaboration with NCL has successfully introduced
FecB gene in Deccani sheep to enhance lamb production. A new strain of Deccani
sheep with higher productivity called NARI Suwarna has thus been developed.
The FecB gene carrier ewes produce twin lambs at every alternate lambing. This
increase is high enough to bring about a substantial increase in the shepherd's
income. It is thus transforming the rural shepherds economy.
It is intently
hoped that this award to NRC-Yak and NARI alongwith NCL will inspire all those
engaged in the profession and business of innovation in the country to find S&T
inputs & solution to enable rural development and help in economic development
of our rural brethren.
CSIR Award for S&T Innovations for Rural Development
for the year 2008 is conferred jointly on Central Salt & Marine Chemicals
Research Institute (CSMCRI), Bhavnagar for Innovations in the area of Salt
for Rural Development and Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
(CIMAP), Lucknow for Biovillage strategy for Agri-business of Medicinal
and Aromatic Plants.
CSMCRI has developed various processes for the
recovery of high purity salt by rural salt producers. The processes for removal
of impurities through heap washing and desulphatation utilizing distiller waste
liquor of soda ash plants are unique and helped in mitigating disposal problem.
These processes enabled rural salt producers to produce salt of purity >99.5%
and whiteness index of 8791. Rural salt producers of Gujarat, Rajasthan
and Orissa have greatly benefited from this innovation and enhanced their income
by many folds.
CIMAP has strategically operationalized Biovillage
Concept for developing and disseminating technologies aimed at sustainable
production and commercialization of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in rural
areas. The institute has backed the concept by developing several new cultivars
of mint, artemisia, geranium, patchouli and khus suiting to diverse agro-climates.
CIMAP has also facilitated linkages between farmers and industry for necessary
buy back of the produce. Further, a dependable complete package for managing distillation
waste, farm waste, weed waste etc. has been integrated to generate biofertilizer,
a value added product. Thus, the complete solution has helped in economic upliftment
of farmers in a big way.
It is intently hoped that this award to CSMCRI
and CIMAP will inspire all those engaged in the profession and business of innovation
in the country to find S&T inputs & solution to enable rural development
and help in economic development of our rural brethren.
: Press Information Bureau
December 20, 2008