Science & Technology Based Services
Survey Of India
is fundamental to all planning processes and with the advancement of digital technology,
GIS is fast emerging as an important Decision Support tool. Survey of India-the
national mapping organization generates geo-spatial Information on different scales,
which forms key input for multifarious micro and macro level development planning
processes and needs. Based on users demand and the need for scientific inputs
for national initiatives like National Disaster Management (NDM), National Urban
Information System (NUIS) and National Standardized Control Frame Work etc., Survey
of India has undertaken various initiatives during the year to give impetus and
thrust to developmental activities undertaken by the Government in various sectors
had been participating regularly in the scientific expedition to Antarctica since
1990 and is contributing significantly towards establishing permanent stations
at Antarctica in pursuit of collecting scientific information and observations
needed for growth of the region.
In the last three years, SOI has prepared
a large scale base map of Indian permanent station, Maitri and its surroundings.
During 2006-07, Survey of India completed the mapping of new site Larsemann
on a scale of 1:2,500 (Figure 11.1). This will facilitate Indias claim for
establishment of permanent station at this site in Antarctica. Survey of India
also carried out continuous GPS observations which will contribute to analysis
of continental drift.
11.1: Mapping of Larsemann Area
Training in the field
of Surveying and Mapping was imparted to the departmental staff, other Central
Government/ State Government/ Departments Staff and officers from neighbouring
countries in Survey Training Institute (STI), Hyderabad throughout the year. Survey
Training Institute has started Post Graduate Programme in the Geo-spatial Technology.
The first batch of 11 Post Graduate fellows for undergoing M. Tech. Degree course
have been inducted in September, 2006 and the second batch of 12 fellows was inducted
in September, 2007.
STI is also imparting advanced Technical Training
in the form of tailor made training courses for the personnel of Permanent Committee
on GIS & Infrastructure for Asia Pacific Region in GIS for establishment of
Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) in the regional countries.
i) Dual Map Series
In order to meet the demand from the users community,
not only for free access to map data but also for the latest updated and higher
resolutions data sets, Govt. of India announced the new National Map Policy in
May 2005. Under this policy, Survey of India has been vested with the responsibility
of producing, maintaining and disseminating the topographic map data of the whole
country. In furtherance of this policy by keeping due safeguards to the national
security concerns and objectives, Survey of India has to generate two series of
maps Defence Series Maps (DSMs) meant for Defence and national security
and the Open Series Maps (OSMs) for mapping the developmental activities of the
country. The policy mandates Survey of India to develop and maintain National
Topographic Databases (NTDB) of the following data sets for both DSMs and OSMs.
National Spatial Reference Frame;
(b) National Digital Elevation Model;
(c) National Topographical Template;
(d) Administrative Boundaries; and
(e) Toponomy (place names).
1. 1:50,000 scale topographic data.
of India has generated digital data of 4800 topographical maps of DSM and 4600
OSM on 1:50,000 scale which are ready for dissemination to the user community.
Field updation of map data has been completed for 4403 sheets.
of data base of 4,548 sheets of OSM and 1954 sheets of DSM has been completed.
Balance will be updated shortly.
c) Generation of hard copy maps has
already been commenced.
2. 1:25,000 scale topographic data.
Digital Data generation is under progress as mentioned below:
|Total sheets on 1:25,000 scale|| = ||19,393|
|Sheets surveyed so far||=||10,105|
|Sheets published in hard copy form ||=||6,525|
|Sheets digitised so far (in soft copy form)||=||3,942|
(ii) Tidal Data
is in the forefront of providing tidal information for the Indian Ocean by observing
sea level data at various ports in India and other countries. The requisite information
is most crucial for scientific study in the related specialized disciplines comprising
of climatology modelling, analysis of sea level changes, prediction of Tsunami
etc. Besides above, it serves as an important input for sea navigation.
the necessity of this critical data in the scenario of global warming for monitoring
the sea level changes and disasters like Tsunami, SOI is strengthening the tidal
gauge station network in India by establishing 36 Automated Tide Gauges co-located
with GPS. The real time data will be transmitted to facilitate its faster and
quick processing centrally at Tidal Data Centre, Dehra Dun.
14 tidal gauge stations have been fitted with automated tide gauges and real time
data is being received at the Tidal Data Centre, Dehra Dun (Figure 11.2). The
tidal data is also being automatically transferred to National Tsunami Warning
Center at Hyderabad. The repair and retrofitting of 10 more tidal gauge cabins
is under process. The balance 12 tidal stations will be completed by June, 2008.
11.2: Schematic Transmission of Transmission of Tidal and GPS Data
(iii) National Standardized Control Framework
Geo-spatial data are being generated at various levels
by different agencies involved. These are being utilized for multifarious versatile
applications which need the integration of data from various sources. To enable
this data integration, SOI has taken up the task of establishing a net-work of
well spread standard ground control points spread throughout the country. This
will enable the state cadastral department, besides other agencies engaged in
generating geo-spatial information, to carry out their job in a national geodetic
reference system. This task will be carried out in three phases. The first phase
envisages the establishment of 300 well spread high precision ground control points
(GCPs) about 300 km apart. In the second phase, the responsibility will be to
densify it with 2200 precision ground control points spread 30 to 40 km apart
and in the last phase, it will further be densified to 65,000 GCPs.
first phase of 300 high precision ground control points has already been established
and the second phase work is under progress.
Mapping for NUIS
With the rapid development and industrialization
of the country, there is a tremendous pressure on the scarce urban space which
poses a challenge on the urban planners. For the effective and burgeoning planning
for the urban development, accurate mapping with sufficient resolution is the
prime requisite. For this purpose, SOI in collaboration with Ministry of Urban
Development has undertaken the task of mapping of 150 towns on 1:2000 scale for
core area and 1:10,000 scale for the peripheral areas for establishment of National
Urban Information System (NUIS). In the XI Five Year Plan, Survey of India has
proposed to take up the complete mapping of urban areas on 1:2,000 scale of 400
towns. In addition, 3-D GIS will also be generated for all metros and major towns.
Mapping of 99 towns has already been commenced and will be
completed by July, 2008.
v) Utility Mapping for NIC
and accurate data is an essential pre-requisite for framing the urban policy.
One of the important ingredients of proper planning is the availability of data
so that it may act as a catalyst in the decision making process and act as a facilitator
for provisioning and improvement of the facilities in the Urban sprawls. In this
background, Planning Commission has conceptualized a project of computer aided
digital mapping of metro cities through National Informatics Centre (NIC), Department
of Information Technology, Government of India, New Delhi. Survey of India
has to supply computer aided digital mapping data sets of Ahmedabad, Chennai and
Digital Base Map (3D–GIS) for 3 cities, Ahmedabad,
Chennai and Mumbai on scale 1:1000 along with attribute data collection for integration
with graphical data is under progress. Digital Map for Mumbai (Figure 11.3)
and Ahmedabad are in the process of completion. Digital Map for Chennai is expected
to be completed by June, 2008.
Survey of India is running the courses for Permanent
Committee on GIS & Infrastructure for Asia Pacific (PCGIAP) Region in GIS
for establishment of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) at Survey Training Institute.
Survey teams from Geodetic & Research Branch of Survey
of India are sent to Bhutan for imparting Gravity & Geo Magnetic Survey on
job training to Bhutanese survey officers under Govt. of India, Ministry of External
Affairs approved Project “Technology Transfer and In-house Capacity Building in
Gravity and Magnetic Survey Work” for the Royal Government of Bhutan.
& Technology Programmes for Socio-Economic Development
(i) Topographical activities
Triangulation (by GPS) || |
186 sq km
Triangulation || |
51,340 sq km
1,316 linear km
4,027 linear km
Digital Photogrammetric surveys on various scales (Pre-field updataion)
Ground surveys on various scales
Boundary demarcation (Indo-Pak)
610 linear km
Verification surveys for IAF
1,93,600 sq km
(c) Fair Mapping:
Topographical (post field updation)
Digital Mapping (DCDB for OSM) on 1:50,000 scale
Printing of various types of maps
ii) Digitisation and creation of Digital
Departmental maps on various scales
Extra Departmental maps on various scales
Conversion of data for OSM, DSM
Geodetic and Geophysical surveys
a) Geodetic surveys for
monitoring the progress of various developmental projects are in progress.
During the year, Survey of India is committed to carry out the following tasks
as departmental commitment:
- GPS observations -
- Precision Levelling -
800 linear km
- EDM Traverse -
55 linear km
- Gravity observations- -
- Gravity on Bench Marks -
- Installation of Tide Gauges - 16
Science & Technology Based Services
The following projects based on latest available technologies
have been taken up by Survey of india:
Large scale survey with provision of precise height
and planimetric controls for planning of various Hydro-Electric Projects at different
places has been taken up.
(i) Sirkari Bhyol – Rupsiabagar
HE Project:- Field work is completed and digitisation is under progress.
Rupsiabagar – Khasiapara HE Project:- Field work is complete.
Sawra – Kuddu HE Project:- Field work is complete
Jalashya HE Project:- Field work is complete.
(v) Tehri Dam
Survey:- Original Survey of 2 villages affected due to Tehri Dam Lake is complete.
(vi) Punatsangchhu HE Project (Bhutan):- Field work (Primary
Control) is under progress.
(vii) Gohana Tal HE Project:-
Field work is complete.
(viii) Rampur HE Project:- Field work
data generation as per the requirement of the Forest Department has been taken
(i) Chattisgarh Forest Project: Out of 90 sheets, 73 sheets
have been completed on conversion from Polyconic/Everest to LCC/WGS-84 system
with edge matching and clipping conversion to Geo Database.
Punjab Forest Project: Out of 104 sheets, 98 sheets have been completed on conversion
from Poly-conic/Everest to TM/WGS-84 system, edge matching & clipping conversion
to Geo Database.
Wild Life Sanctuary Projects
Mapping of the following National Parks and Wild Life Sanctuaries
in India under WII-MOEF-NNRMS Mapping Project has been taken up:
Jim Corbette National Park: Detail Survey is complete.
Dudhwa National Park: Detail Survey is complete.
Andheri Tiger Project: Detail Survey is complete. Conversion of DGN file to Shape
file is also complete.
(iv) Indira Gandhi Wild Life Sanctuary:
Job completed and data has been sent for security clearance.
Kaziranga National Park Reserve: Detail Survey is complete.
Mapping and generation of GIS database on 1:10,000
/ 1:2,000 scale and utility maps on 1:1,000 scale in respect of 150 towns under
the scheme of “National Urban Information System” (NUIS), a National Mission programme
of Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India has been taken up.
A project on generation of Village Information System
(VIS) involving collection of administrative boundaries up to village level of
the country has been taken up. The data has already been delivered to some other
agencies namely, Election Commission and IB for planning and monitoring of their
Nirmala Nagar project
of 1895 wards for 57 Towns in Karnataka, 1564 wards have been digitized to provide
GIS/MIS information under Nirmala Nagar Project which has been taken up by SOI
in Collaboration with Director, Municipal Administration, Karnataka.
National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organization
NATMO is a subordinate office under the administrative control of the Ministry
of Science & Technology, Department of Science & Technology, Government
of India. The Organization has a total strength of 416 till date which includes
a large number of qualified professional geographers and cartographers, perhaps
the largest number under one roof anywhere in the world. It is a premier organization
in the field of preparation of thematic maps.
- Compilation of the National Atlas of India in English and
- Preparation of National Atlas Maps in regional languages;
of thematic maps based on research studies on environmental and associated aspects
and their impact on social and economic development;
- Installation of
Automated Mapping System for increasing efficiency in mapping;
research & training;
- Golden Map Service covering whole India;
of Digital Cartographic Database for Large-scale thematic Mapping;
National Atlas of India;
- Maps for Low Vision Persons; and
for Visually Impaired.
Targets and Achievement for the
Name of the Programme
by No. of Maps
District Planning Map Series
State Atlas of Uttar Pradesh
State Atlas of Bihar
State Atlas of Madhya
School Atlas for
Visually Impaired (English)
School Atlas for
Visually Impaired (Hindi)
School Atlas for
Visually Impaired (Assamese)
Golden Map Service
The target mentioned above is from 1 st
April 2007 to 31 st March 2008 and achievements are upto 31 st October 2007. In
some sector, the achievement is much above the target due to urgency in public
NATMO DMS Building Complex
is a fully automated Digital Mapping Section of NATMO, equipped with modern state-of-art
technologies related to GIS & GPS & RS System. It is meant for specific
value-added digital output, training & research, etc.
In house training in thematic cartography, digital cartography,
photogrammetry, remote sensing and GIS has been taken-up as and when necessary.
Other activities done
Conference on ‘Geo-Spatial Technology & Thematic Cartography'.
in Regional, National and International Exhibitions/ Book Fairs (in different
parts of the country) to popularize the maps, atlases and database of NATMO.
iii) Database creation through GIS is in progress as an on-going job.
NATMO maps in electronic media are an ongoing project and also continued during
v) As a part of Golden Map Service, information on Kolkata has
been put to NATMO website which has been appreciated highly by National and International
vi) Generation of Maps on Wildlife Sanctuaries in
digital mode, viz. Corbett National Park, Namdhapa National Park, etc. has progressed
vii) To meet the special needs of visually impaired persons,
the need for generating activity maps and atlases in regional languages was also
felt in addition to regular job in English and Hindi. However, this activity has
been initiated during this period in Bengali (with maps of West Bengal).
National Accreditation Board For Testing
And Calibration LaboRatories (NABL)
National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) provides
formal recognition for technical competence of testing, calibration and medical
laboratories. NABL accreditation is primarily based on ISO/IEC 17025:2005 for
testing and calibration laboratories and ISO 15189:2003 for medical laboratories.
As on 31 st October 2007, NABL has granted accreditation to 515 testing, 275 calibration
and 102 medical testing laboratories.
NABL accreditation system
complies with ISO/IEC 17011:2004 and Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation
Cooperation (APLAC) MR001. Based on evaluation of NABL operations by APLAC in
2000, NABL has been granted signatory member status by APLAC and International
Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) under their Mutual Recognition
Arrangements (MRAs). Under these MRAs, the reports issued by NABL accredited laboratories
are considered to be equivalent to reports issued by laboratories accredited by
58 accreditation bodies in 46 economies.
its role in promoting world trade, NABL performs many other functions. One of
these is to provide feedback to laboratories on their quality assurance system
and technical competence thereby enhancing their confidence in their goods and
services through internationally accepted third party assessment process. Acceptance
and relevance of third party accreditation can be judged from the nature of the
laboratories accredited by NABL. A majority of NABL accredited laboratories are
from industry or corporate sector, spread across the spectrum of automobile, cement,
chemicals, construction, electrical, electronics, engineering, health care
To compliment its laboratory accreditation services,
NABL has initiated accreditation programme for Proficiency Testing Providers.
National Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)
Governments and industries all
over the world are concerned about safety of humans, animals and the environment
through use of chemicals (industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, veterinary drugs,
pesticides, cosmetic products, food additives, feed additives, etc.). Regulatory
authorities, the world-over, are continuously engaged in determining the
level of risks acceptable to the society and elaborate on scientific inputs and
technical data to ensure that risks posed by these chemicals do not exceed the
contemplated level of risks.
Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)
is a quality system, which has been evolved by the member countries of Organization
for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), concerned with the organizational
process and conditions under which non-clinical health and environmental safety
studies on the above said chemicals are planned, performed, monitored, recorded,
reported and archived. This system helps to ensure the quality and integrity of
safety data (on chemicals) produced by test facilities. The OECD Principles of
GLP are internationally accepted.
A National Good Laboratory
Practice (GLP) Compliance Monitoring Authority was set up in April 2002, under
the administrative control of Department of Science and Technology, with the approval
of the Cabinet to help Indian industries to obtain GLP-compliance status for their
test facilities, so that data generated by these test facilities is acceptable
in the countries of OECD. India, at present, enjoys the status of a Provisional
Member of the OECD for the purpose of GLP, and this membership will end in April,
Some of the major achievements of the Indian GLP programme
are given below:
- OECD has agreed to carry out the evaluation of the
Indian GLP Programme through their Mutual Joint Visit (MJV).The MJV team will
consist of experts from the GLP authorities of Australia, UK and Israel.
new test facilities were granted the GLP-compliance status. These include:
Private Limited, Pune;
- Laboratory Animal Research Services, Reliance
Life Science Private Limited, Navi Mumbai;
- Torrent Research Centre, Torrent
Pharmaceuticals Limited, Ahmedabad;
- GLP Test Facility, Ranbaxy Research
Laboratories, Gurgaon; and
- SGS India Private Limited, Life Science Services,
- Annual Surveillance inspection of following three
test facilities was done and their GLP-compliance status was continued for a period
of another one year :
- Orchid Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited, Chennai;
- Advinus Therapeutics Private Limited, Bangalore; and
Research Centre, Ahmedabad.
- Following test facilities were
granted GLP compliance status for another three years:
- International Institute
of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT), Padappai;
- Jai Research Foundation,
- Gharda Chemicals Limited, Dombivili; and
Reddy's Laboratories Limited, Discovery Research, Hyderabad.
Indian GLP Inspectors witnessed a GLP Inspection as observers carried out by the
UK GLP Authority of the largest GLP facility in UK (December 4-6, 2007).
- A website “www.indiaglp.gov.in”
has been launched and is continuously being updated.