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Annual Report 2007-2008

Science & Technology Based Services

Survey Of India

Map Information is fundamental to all planning processes and with the advancement of digital technology, GIS is fast emerging as an important Decision Support tool. Survey of India-the national mapping organization generates geo-spatial Information on different scales, which forms key input for multifarious micro and macro level development planning processes and needs. Based on users’ demand and the need for scientific inputs for national initiatives like National Disaster Management (NDM), National Urban Information System (NUIS) and National Standardized Control Frame Work etc., Survey of India has undertaken various initiatives during the year to give impetus and thrust to developmental activities undertaken by the Government in various sectors of economy.

Scientific Research

Antarctica Expedition


SOI had been participating regularly in the scientific expedition to Antarctica since 1990 and is contributing significantly towards establishing permanent stations at Antarctica in pursuit of collecting scientific information and observations needed for growth of the region.

In the last three years, SOI has prepared a large scale base map of Indian permanent station, Maitri and its surroundings. During 2006-07, Survey of India completed the mapping of new site “Larsemann” on a scale of 1:2,500 (Figure 11.1). This will facilitate India’s claim for establishment of permanent station at this site in Antarctica. Survey of India also carried out continuous GPS observations which will contribute to analysis of continental drift.


Figure 11.1: Mapping of Larsemann Area

Human Resource Development

Training in the field of Surveying and Mapping was imparted to the departmental staff, other Central Government/ State Government/ Department’s Staff and officers from neighbouring countries in Survey Training Institute (STI), Hyderabad throughout the year. Survey Training Institute has started Post Graduate Programme in the Geo-spatial Technology. The first batch of 11 Post Graduate fellows for undergoing M. Tech. Degree course have been inducted in September, 2006 and the second batch of 12 fellows was inducted in September, 2007.

STI is also imparting advanced Technical Training in the form of tailor made training courses for the personnel of Permanent Committee on GIS & Infrastructure for Asia Pacific Region in GIS for establishment of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) in the regional countries.

Technology Development Programmes

i) Dual Map Series

In order to meet the demand from the users’ community, not only for free access to map data but also for the latest updated and higher resolutions data sets, Govt. of India announced the new National Map Policy in May 2005. Under this policy, Survey of India has been vested with the responsibility of producing, maintaining and disseminating the topographic map data of the whole country. In furtherance of this policy by keeping due safeguards to the national security concerns and objectives, Survey of India has to generate two series of maps – Defence Series Maps (DSMs) meant for Defence and national security and the Open Series Maps (OSMs) for mapping the developmental activities of the country. The policy mandates Survey of India to develop and maintain National Topographic Databases (NTDB) of the following data sets for both DSMs and OSMs.

(a) National Spatial Reference Frame;
(b) National Digital Elevation Model;
(c) National Topographical Template;
(d) Administrative Boundaries; and
(e) Toponomy (place names).


Achievements


1. 1:50,000 scale topographic data.

a) Survey of India has generated digital data of 4800 topographical maps of DSM and 4600 OSM on 1:50,000 scale which are ready for dissemination to the user community. Field updation of map data has been completed for 4403 sheets.

b) Updation of data base of 4,548 sheets of OSM and 1954 sheets of DSM has been completed. Balance will be updated shortly.

c) Generation of hard copy maps has already been commenced.

2. 1:25,000 scale topographic data.

Digital Data generation is under progress as mentioned below:

Total sheets on 1:25,000 scale = 19,393
Sheets surveyed so far=10,105
Sheets published in hard copy form =6,525
Sheets digitised so far (in soft copy form)=3,942


(ii) Tidal Data

SOI is in the forefront of providing tidal information for the Indian Ocean by observing sea level data at various ports in India and other countries. The requisite information is most crucial for scientific study in the related specialized disciplines comprising of climatology modelling, analysis of sea level changes, prediction of Tsunami etc. Besides above, it serves as an important input for sea navigation.

Considering the necessity of this critical data in the scenario of global warming for monitoring the sea level changes and disasters like Tsunami, SOI is strengthening the tidal gauge station network in India by establishing 36 Automated Tide Gauges co-located with GPS. The real time data will be transmitted to facilitate its faster and quick processing centrally at Tidal Data Centre, Dehra Dun.

Till now, 14 tidal gauge stations have been fitted with automated tide gauges and real time data is being received at the Tidal Data Centre, Dehra Dun (Figure 11.2). The tidal data is also being automatically transferred to National Tsunami Warning Center at Hyderabad. The repair and retrofitting of 10 more tidal gauge cabins is under process. The balance 12 tidal stations will be completed by June, 2008.


Figure 11.2: Schematic Transmission of Transmission of Tidal and GPS Data

(iii) National Standardized Control Framework

Geo-spatial data are being generated at various levels by different agencies involved. These are being utilized for multifarious versatile applications which need the integration of data from various sources. To enable this data integration, SOI has taken up the task of establishing a net-work of well spread standard ground control points spread throughout the country. This will enable the state cadastral department, besides other agencies engaged in generating geo-spatial information, to carry out their job in a national geodetic reference system. This task will be carried out in three phases. The first phase envisages the establishment of 300 well spread high precision ground control points (GCPs) about 300 km apart. In the second phase, the responsibility will be to densify it with 2200 precision ground control points spread 30 to 40 km apart and in the last phase, it will further be densified to 65,000 GCPs.

The first phase of 300 high precision ground control points has already been established and the second phase work is under progress.

iv) Urban Mapping for NUIS

With the rapid development and industrialization of the country, there is a tremendous pressure on the scarce urban space which poses a challenge on the urban planners. For the effective and burgeoning plan­ning for the urban development, accurate mapping with sufficient resolution is the prime requisite. For this purpose, SOI in collaboration with Ministry of Urban Development has undertaken the task of mapping of 150 towns on 1:2000 scale for core area and 1:10,000 scale for the peripheral areas for establishment of National Urban Information System (NUIS). In the XI Five Year Plan, Survey of India has proposed to take up the complete mapping of urban areas on 1:2,000 scale of 400 towns. In addition, 3-D GIS will also be generated for all metros and major towns.

Mapping of 99 towns has already been commenced and will be completed by July, 2008.

v) Utility Mapping for NIC

Information and accurate data is an essential pre-requisite for framing the urban policy. One of the important ingredients of proper planning is the availability of data so that it may act as a catalyst in the decision making process and act as a facilitator for provisioning and improvement of the facilities in the Urban sprawls. In this background, Planning Commission has conceptualized a project of computer aided digital mapping of metro cities through National Informatics Centre (NIC), Department of Information Tech­nology, Government of India, New Delhi. Survey of India has to supply computer aided digital mapping data sets of Ahmedabad, Chennai and Mumbai.

Digital Base Map (3D–GIS) for 3 cities, Ahmedabad, Chennai and Mumbai on scale 1:1000 along with attribute data collection for integration with graphical data is under progress. Digital Map for Mumbai (Fig­ure 11.3) and Ahmedabad are in the process of completion. Digital Map for Chennai is expected to be completed by June, 2008.

International Affairs

Survey of India is running the courses for Permanent Committee on GIS & Infrastructure for Asia Pacific (PCGIAP) Region in GIS for establishment of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) at Survey Training Institute.

Survey teams from Geodetic & Research Branch of Survey of India are sent to Bhutan for imparting Gravity & Geo Magnetic Survey on job training to Bhutanese survey officers under Govt. of India, Ministry of External Affairs approved Project “Technology Transfer and In-house Capacity Building in Gravity and Magnetic Survey Work” for the Royal Government of Bhutan.

Science & Technology Programmes for Socio-Economic Development

(i) Topographical activities

     (a) Control Work:

1
Topo Triangulation (by GPS)

...

186 sq km

2
Aerial Triangulation

...

51,340 sq km

3
Traverse

...

1,316 linear km

4
Levelling

...

4,027 linear km

     (b) Surveys:

1

Digital Photogrammetric surveys on various scales (Pre-field updataion)

...

937 sheets

2

Ground surveys on various scales

...

1866 sheets

3

Boundary demarcation (Indo-Pak)

610 linear km

4

Verification surveys for IAF

....

1,93,600 sq km

    (c) Fair Mapping:

1

Topographical (post field updation)

...

704 sheets

2

Digital Mapping (DCDB for OSM) on 1:50,000 scale

...

4600 sheets

    (d) Printing:

1

Printing of various types of maps

...

628 Maps

 

ii) Digitisation and creation of Digital Cartographic databases

1

Departmental maps on various scales

...

460 Maps

2

Extra Departmental maps on various scales

...

350 Maps

3

Conversion of data for OSM, DSM

...

3283 Maps

iii) Geodetic and Geophysical surveys

a) Geodetic surveys for monitoring the progress of various developmental projects are in progress.

b) During the year, Survey of India is committed to carry out the following tasks as departmental commitment:

  • GPS observations               -   96 stations
  • Precision Levelling              -  800 linear km
  • EDM Traverse                    -   55 linear km
  • Gravity observations-         -  704 stations
  • Gravity on Bench Marks      -   33 stations
  • Installation of Tide Gauges  -   16 ports

Science & Technology Based Services

The following projects based on latest available technologies have been taken up by Survey of india:

Hydro- Electric Projects

Large scale survey with provision of precise height and planimetric controls for planning of various Hydro-Electric Projects at different places has been taken up.

(i) Sirkari Bhyol – Rupsiabagar HE Project:- Field work is completed and digitisation is under progress.

(ii) Rupsiabagar – Khasiapara HE Project:- Field work is complete.

(iii) Sawra – Kuddu HE Project:- Field work is complete

(iv) Indrapuri Jalashya HE Project:- Field work is complete.

(v) Tehri Dam Survey:- Original Survey of 2 villages affected due to Tehri Dam Lake is complete.

(vi) Punatsangchhu HE Project (Bhutan):- Field work (Primary Control) is under progress.

(vii) Gohana Tal HE Project:- Field work is complete.

(viii) Rampur HE Project:- Field work is complete.

Forest Projects

Digital data generation as per the requirement of the Forest Department has been taken up:

(i) Chattisgarh Forest Project: Out of 90 sheets, 73 sheets have been completed on conversion from Polyconic/Everest to LCC/WGS-84 system with edge matching and clipping conversion to Geo Da­tabase.

(ii) Punjab Forest Project: Out of 104 sheets, 98 sheets have been completed on conversion from Poly-conic/Everest to TM/WGS-84 system, edge matching & clipping conversion to Geo Database.

Wild Life Sanctuary Projects

Mapping of the following National Parks and Wild Life Sanctuaries in India under WII-MOEF-NNRMS Mapping Project has been taken up:

(i) Jim Corbette National Park: Detail Survey is complete.

(ii) Dudhwa National Park: Detail Survey is complete.

(iii) Tadoba Andheri Tiger Project: Detail Survey is complete. Conversion of DGN file to Shape file is also complete.

(iv) Indira Gandhi Wild Life Sanctuary: Job completed and data has been sent for security clearance.

(v) Kaziranga National Park Reserve: Detail Survey is complete.

NUIS Project

Mapping and generation of GIS database on 1:10,000 / 1:2,000 scale and utility maps on 1:1,000 scale in respect of 150 towns under the scheme of “National Urban Information System” (NUIS), a National Mission programme of Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India has been taken up.

NIC Project

A project on generation of Village Information System (VIS) involving collection of administrative boundaries up to village level of the country has been taken up. The data has already been delivered to some other agencies namely, Election Commission and IB for planning and monitoring of their activities.

Nirmala Nagar project

Out of 1895 wards for 57 Towns in Karnataka, 1564 wards have been digitized to provide GIS/MIS information under Nirmala Nagar Project which has been taken up by SOI in Collaboration with Director, Municipal Administration, Karnataka.

National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organization

The NATMO is a subordinate office under the administrative control of the Ministry of Science & Technology, Department of Science & Technology, Government of India. The Organization has a total strength of 416 till date which includes a large number of qualified professional geographers and cartographers, perhaps the largest number under one roof anywhere in the world. It is a premier organization in the field of preparation of thematic maps.

Functions:

  • Compilation of the National Atlas of India in English and Hindi;
  • Preparation of National Atlas Maps in regional languages;
  • Preparation of thematic maps based on research studies on environmental and associated aspects and their impact on social and economic development;
  • Installation of Automated Mapping System for increasing efficiency in mapping;
  • Geographical/Cartographical research & training;
  • Golden Map Service covering whole India;
  • Development of Digital Cartographic Database for Large-scale thematic Mapping;
  • Web-based National Atlas of India;
  • Maps for Low Vision Persons; and
  • Maps for Visually Impaired.

Targets and Achievement for the Year 2007-2008

Name of the Programme

Target 2007-08
by No. of Maps

Achievement for
2007-08

District Planning Map Series

06

02

State Atlas of Uttar Pradesh

08

04

State Atlas of Bihar

06

04

State Atlas of Madhya Pradesh

10

07

School Atlas for Visually Impaired (English)

12

07

Electronic Atlas of India

06

04

School Atlas for Visually Impaired (Hindi)

12

07

School Atlas for Visually Impaired (Assamese)

02

Continued

Special Maps

04

Continued

Golden Map Service

04

Continued

The target mentioned above is from 1 st April 2007 to 31 st March 2008 and achievements are upto 31 st October 2007. In some sector, the achievement is much above the target due to urgency in public interest.

NATMO DMS Building Complex

It is a fully automated Digital Mapping Section of NATMO, equipped with modern state-of-art tech­nologies related to GIS & GPS & RS System. It is meant for specific value-added digital output, training & research, etc.

Training

In house training in thematic cartography, digital cartography, photogrammetry, remote sensing and GIS has been taken-up as and when necessary.

Other activities done

i) National Conference on ‘Geo-Spatial Technology & Thematic Cartography'.
ii) Participated in Regional, National and International Exhibitions/ Book Fairs (in different parts of the country) to popularize the maps, atlases and database of NATMO.
iii) Database creation through GIS is in progress as an on-going job.
iv) NATMO maps in electronic media are an ongoing project and also continued during this period.
v) As a part of Golden Map Service, information on Kolkata has been put to NATMO website which has been appreciated highly by National and International authorities/ agencies.
vi) Generation of Maps on Wildlife Sanctuaries in digital mode, viz. Corbett National Park, Namdhapa National Park, etc. has progressed considerably.
vii) To meet the special needs of visually impaired persons, the need for generating activity maps and atlases in regional languages was also felt in addition to regular job in English and Hindi. However, this activity has been initiated during this period in Bengali (with maps of West Bengal).

National Accreditation Board For Testing And Calibration Labo­Ratories (NABL)

The National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) provides formal recognition for technical competence of testing, calibration and medical laboratories. NABL accreditation is primarily based on ISO/IEC 17025:2005 for testing and calibration laboratories and ISO 15189:2003 for medical laboratories. As on 31 st October 2007, NABL has granted accreditation to 515 testing, 275 calibra­tion and 102 medical testing laboratories.

NABL accreditation system complies with ISO/IEC 17011:2004 and Asia Pacific Laboratory Accredita­tion Cooperation (APLAC) MR001. Based on evaluation of NABL operations by APLAC in 2000, NABL has been granted signatory member status by APLAC and International Laboratory Accreditation Coopera­tion (ILAC) under their Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs). Under these MRAs, the reports issued by NABL accredited laboratories are considered to be equivalent to reports issued by laboratories accredited by 58 accreditation bodies in 46 economies.

Complimentary to its role in promoting world trade, NABL performs many other functions. One of these is to provide feedback to laboratories on their quality assurance system and technical competence thereby enhancing their confidence in their goods and services through internationally accepted third party assessment process. Acceptance and relevance of third party accreditation can be judged from the nature of the laboratories accredited by NABL. A majority of NABL accredited laboratories are from industry or corporate sector, spread across the spectrum of automobile, cement, chemicals, construction, electrical, elec­tronics, engineering, health care services etc.

To compliment its laboratory accreditation services, NABL has initiated accreditation programme for Proficiency Testing Providers.

National Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Programme

Governments and industries all over the world are concerned about safety of humans, animals and the environment through use of chemicals (industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, veterinary drugs, pesticides, cosmetic products, food additives, feed additives, etc.). Regulatory authorities, the world-over, are continu­ously engaged in determining the level of risks acceptable to the society and elaborate on scientific inputs and technical data to ensure that risks posed by these chemicals do not exceed the contemplated level of risks.

Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) is a quality system, which has been evolved by the member countries of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), concerned with the organizational process and conditions under which non-clinical health and environmental safety studies on the above said chemicals are planned, performed, monitored, recorded, reported and archived. This system helps to ensure the quality and integrity of safety data (on chemicals) produced by test facilities. The OECD Principles of GLP are internationally accepted.

A National Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Compliance Monitoring Authority was set up in April 2002, under the administrative control of Department of Science and Technology, with the approval of the Cabinet to help Indian industries to obtain GLP-compliance status for their test facilities, so that data gener­ated by these test facilities is acceptable in the countries of OECD. India, at present, enjoys the status of a Provisional Member of the OECD for the purpose of GLP, and this membership will end in April, 2009.

Some of the major achievements of the Indian GLP programme are given below:

  • OECD has agreed to carry out the evaluation of the Indian GLP Programme through their Mutual Joint Visit (MJV).The MJV team will consist of experts from the GLP authorities of Australia, UK and Israel.
  • Five new test facilities were granted the GLP-compliance status. These include:
    • Intox Private Limited, Pune;
    • Laboratory Animal Research Services, Reliance Life Science Private Limited, Navi Mumbai;
    • Torrent Research Centre, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Limited, Ahmedabad;
    • GLP Test Facility, Ranbaxy Research Laboratories, Gurgaon; and
    • SGS India Private Limited, Life Science Services, Chennai.
  • Annual Surveillance inspection of following three test facilities was done and their GLP-compliance status was continued for a period of another one year :
    • Orchid Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited, Chennai;
    • Advinus Therapeutics Private Limited, Bangalore; and
    • Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad.
  • Following test facilities were granted GLP compliance status for another three years:
    • International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT), Padappai;
    • Jai Research Foundation, Vapi;
    • Gharda Chemicals Limited, Dombivili; and
    • Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited, Discovery Research, Hyderabad.
  • The Indian GLP Inspectors witnessed a GLP Inspection as observers carried out by the UK GLP Author­ity of the largest GLP facility in UK (December 4-6, 2007).
  • A website “www.indiaglp.gov.in” has been launched and is continuously being updated.

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