Human Resources For Indian S&T
Manpower Development is an integral part of various programmes
of the Department of Science & Technology. Innovative human resource development
programmes were initiated/continued. Many of the continuing projects and programmes
like the Kishore Vaigyanik Prothsahan Yojana (KVPY), DST-JNC Summer Student Fellowships,
Integrated Science Olympiad Programme etc. were promoted. The Department
also encouraged programmes supporting Young Scientists to take up challenging
R&D activities as a career.
These initiatives have produced several
trained Manpower in critical areas of Science & Technology.
Several short-term schools, training
programmes and workshops were conducted on various themes of Science & Technology.
Some of these include:
- A SERC School on “Optical Metrology and Diffractive
Optics” at University of Calcutta, Kolkata.
- The 1 st SERC school in neurosciences
was held at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur.
- The first school on herpetology was held at North Orissa University,
- SERC school in chronobiology-II: “clocks rhythms and behavior”,
is being planned to be held shortly to develop a good scientific base for studies
in the field and to initiate collaborative research programs. The school would
address the interactions both at cellular and molecular mechanisms that generate
biological timing, rhythmic manifestations of these mechanisms, and its overall
impact on general temporal order (behaviour) of the organism.
- The planning
committee for the series of five SERC schools on herpetology has set syllabus
for the school, identified national and international faculties and prepared draft
time table for the first school.
- 5-year SERC school on “Matrix valuable
calculus and statistical distribution theory and applications in data analysis,
model building and astrophysics problems” at Centre for Mathematical Sciences,
Pala from the year 2008-2012 have also been supported.
- 3 rd SERC School
on Aviation Meteorology with special reference to “Atmospheric obscurity and Planetary
- 3 rd SERC School on “Atmospheric Effects on GPS Aided
Geo Augmented Navigation (GAGAN)”.
- SERC Main School in Theoretical High
Energy Physics (THEP) was held at University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad during January
18- February 5, 2007.
- SERC School on Experimental High Energy Physics
was held during February 5-24, 2007 at Jammu University, Jammu.
Preparatory School in Theoretical High Energy Physics (THEP) was held at BHU,
Varanasi during November 26 – December 15, 2007
- SERC School on ‘Micrometeorological
aspects of agricultural drought'.
- Three training programs on STORM
Expedition to Ladakh and Karakoram
- Application of RS & GIS in Earth
- Contact Courses on Mineral Exploration
- Field Workshop
in the Neogene Succession of Mizoram
- Workshop on Active Tectonics and
- A 5 days workshop on Applications of Isotopes in water
resources development and management was conducted. The objective was to overcome
lack of knowledge in Isotope based nuclear techniques, which can be used to investigate
new ideas to manage water resources efficiently by sharing information amongst
field engineers, academicians, hydrologists, hydro-geologists, hydro-chemist and
- Four basic and advance training courses for under
graduate level have also been supported to attract young talent and to opt their
carrier in Mathematical Sciences. It was organized at Christ Church College,
Kanpur, Banaras Hindu University and St. Thomas College, Pala, Kerala.
a new initiative, National meet of Research Scholars has also been supported to
train them about research methodologies and to improve the presentation skill
etc. It was organized at Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.
studies are specialized subject that is not taught in any university in India.
Therefore, specialized training courses were organized on regular basis for
the researchers from various research institu-tions/universities in association
with the Geological Survey of India and IIT, Mumbai.
- Training Programmes
on Repair & Maintenance of Bio-Medical Instruments.
- Workshop on ICP-OES
for research workers by SAIF, Chennai.
- Training programmes on Electron
Microscopy for research workers by SAIF, Chandigarh.
- Training programmes
on Electron Microscopy for research workers/technical personnel by SAIF, New Delhi.
- A workshop on ‘Instrumental Methods of Analysis' by SAIF, Kochi.
workshop on ‘Measurement Uncertainties in Chemical Analysis' by SAIF, Kochi.
school on ‘A new dimension to NMR: From molecule to human behaviour' by SAIF,
- Workshops on demonstration of Plasma Pyrolysis Technology
at Institute of Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar Gujarat. · A workshop
on Bio-fuels policy formulation at Bhubaneswar, Orissa.
- Second Three-day
Training Course on “Good Laboratory Practice” for test facilities in New Delhi
on March 28-30, 2007.
- One day Workshop on “Good Laboratory Practice for
Academia” at Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, West Bengal
University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata on December 14, 2007.
DST Schools on Mathematical
Modeling in Earth System Sciences
The main aim of this programme is to develop
manpower in mathematical modeling and computer simulation , planning & management
for better understanding of processes and phenomena in Earth System Sciences (Earth
, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences), which can fill up the present and future
needs of our country, through organizing various types of inter-disciplinary and
multi-institutional training activities in different parts of the country.
far, during the period of the report, eight DST advanced Training Courses/ programme
were organized and about 240 candidates (Students, Research Scholars, Scientists
and Teachers ,etc ) in the different field of Earth System Sciences from all over
India participated under the programme. In addition to the above, six final lecture
notes volume were published and around 125 resource persons delivered lectures
and conducted practical classes, etc. in the different fields and different parts
of our country. Overall details of the organized courses/ training, etc, are as
- GIS-Based Utility Mapping for Urban Planning and Management
with Special Emphasis on Mathematical Modeling by CEPT University, Ahmedabad
- Spatial Data Management for ‘PURA' related Development Initiatives by
Centre for Studies in Man & Environment, Kolkatta
- Use of Remote Sensing,
GPS and Digital Cartography in Resource Management and Planning by Udai Pratap
Autonomous College, Varanasi
- Advanced Summer Training Programme on Planning
and Management of Natural Resources for Sustainable Development by B. R.
Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffapur
- Application of GIS, GPS and Remote
Sensing for Disaster Management of Costal Region by St. Peter's Engineering College,
- Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for Coastal Resources
Management by Andhra University Visakhapatanam
- Modelling Hydrological
System by Manipur Science and Technology Council, Central Jail Road, Imphal
Sesnsing and GIS based Natural Resource and Hazard Management in Arid to Semi-Arid
Regions by University of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
JC Bose National Fellowships
The Government of
India instituted these fellowships to recognize active scientists and engineers
for their outstanding performance and contributions. These fellowships are scientist–specific
and very selective and are open to Indian Nationals residing in India who are
below the age of 60 years and are having regular positions in various institutions.
The fellowships are granted for a period of five years. The value of the fellowship
is Rs. 20,000 per month in addition to the Fellow's regular income. In addition,
it carries a research grant of Rs. 5.00 lakh per annum. 28 scientists were awarded
this fellowship this year.
The Ramanujan Fellowships
The Government of India also instituted Ramanujan Fellowships
for brilliant scientists and engineers from all over the world to take up scientific
research positions in India. It is especially directed at those scientists who
want to return to India from abroad. The Ramanujan Fellows can work in any of
the scientific institutions and universities in the country and they are eligible
for receiving regular research grants through the extramural funding schemes of
various S&T agencies of the Government of India. This fellowship is open to
scientists and engineers below the age of 60 years. The duration of Ramanujan
Fellowship is also five years. The value of the fellowship is Rs. 50,000 per month
for the first 3 years and Rs. 60,000 per month during the last two years. Each
Fellow, in addition, receives a research grant of Rs. 5.00 lakh per annum. 7 scientists
were selected for the award of this prestigious fellowship this year.
The Ramanna Fellowships
The objective of Ramanna Fellowship is to offer continued
core support to researchers who have performed excellently well in their
completed basic research projects of SERC (viz. FAST TRACK Scheme for Young Scientists,
Women Scientists Scheme-A, SERC Individual Research Projects, Nano Science &
Technology projects and Swarnajayanti Fellowship projects). The Ramanna Fellows
would receive a monthly fellowship along with a research grant of Rs. 10 lakh/year
for a period of three years. Seventeen fellowships have been awarded so far in
Chemical Sciences, Physical Sciences, Life Sciences and Engineering Sciences.
Based on the inputs from the scientific community at large, the SERC revisited
the fabric of Ramanna Fellowship and set new benchmarks for award of the fellowship.
The SERC approved the following new guidelines:
- Successful completion
of at least 2 projects under SERC mechanism. Obviously work carried out with support,
other than DST, during this period would also be taken into account.
contributions including Research Papers published, Impact factor/Citations, Patents,
Fellow ships received etc. judged by respective peer review committees, as
the best/outstanding work.
The SERC also approved the institution
of a finite number of Ramanna fellowships (Sr) for exceptionally meritorious
superannuated scientists who are active in research.
The Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan
Under the attractive scholarship
and training scheme, Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY), about 200 students
were selected this year.
For the students continuing in the Scheme, summer
training programmes were again organized this year in a number of institutions
across the country. Based on their scholastic performance in their respective
courses of study and their performance in the summer training programme, the scholarship
Opportunities for Young Scientists in Chosen Areas of Science and Technology (BOYSCAST)
The BOYSCAST programme of DST provides opportunities to the young
Indian scientists/technolo-gists below the age of 35 years, who hold regular positions
in recognized S&T institutes in India, to visit reputed institutions abroad,
interact with scientists/technologists there, get exposure to latest research
techniques and conduct R&D in frontline areas of Science & Technology.
Under the BOYSCAST programme, fellowships of three to twelve months duration are
provided every year to the selected young Indian scien-tists/technologists for
conducting research/undergoing specialized training. During the year, fellowships
have been awarded to 71 scientists/technologists for conducting research/undergoing
specialized training in overseas research institutes in the areas including Novel/advanced/nano-phase
materials, Nano-science & technology, Microfabrication/micromachining, Micro/nano-manufacturing,
Intelligent manufacturing, Multicriteria decision making including generic algorithms
and neural networks, Fuel cells, Plant microbe interaction, Crop biotechnology,
Molecular biology of biotic and abiotic stresses in plants, Genetic engineering,
Stem cell research, HIV/AIDS research, Modelling for new drug development, Drug
delivery system, Electronic materials and processing, Optoelectronics, Geotectonic
models and experiments, Evolution and dynamics of Indian lithosphere, Seismic
tomography, Paleoclimatology & Paleoenvironment, Graph theory, Artificial
neural net & fuzzy set theory. The selected fellows are in the process of
joining the host institutes abroad and start working there. It is envisaged that
the expertise gained by these young scientists/ technologists during the fellowship
period will lead to initiation/strengthening of the national programmes in these
areas as well as further generation and spread of expertise at the national institutes.
& International Exposure For Indian S&T Personnel
participation in 57 th Lindau Meeting of Nobel Laureates & Students
young Indian researchers were deputed for participation in the 57 th meeting of
the Nobel Laureates & Students at Lindau Germany during July 2007. The subject
of the meeting was Physiology & Medicine. Indian group comprised of Bachelors,
Master's & PhD students and Post docs. The team also visited premier research
institutes in Germany.
DST-ICTP Agreement based
Indian young researchers were awarded “Fellowship” jointly
by DST and ICTP to participate in following four ICTP scientific events at
Trieste during April-December 2007.
- ICTP Summer School and Conference
on Automorphic Forms and Shimura Varieties (at Trieste July 927, 2007) Field:
- 2007 ICTP Summer College on Plasma Physics (at Trieste July
30-August 24, 2007) Field: Physics of high and intermediate energies.
School and Conference on statistics & applied probability in life sciences
(at Trieste Sept. 24Oct. 12, 2007) Field Applicable Mathematics-Mathematical
Ecology, Differential Equations.
- International Workshop on Turbulent
Mixing & Beyond (at Trieste Aug. 18-26, 2007) Field: Physics of Condensed
The Indian researchers, awarded fellowship were drawn from
IIT Bombay, IMS Chennai, IASST Guwahati, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary
College, Kolkata, BARC Mumbai, IISc Bangalore. The Fellowships helped in
various ways including (i) Exposure to forefront research ; (ii) New insight relevant
for pursuit of doctoral work ; (iii) Short-listing of future research problems/
future line of investigation of on-going research
Under Indo-German (DST-MPG Programme) five India-MPG Fellowship