Annual Report 2005-2006
Indian National Academy Of Engineering
Republic Day Honours
Three Fellows of the Academy were conferred with Padma Vibhushan,
Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree on the eve of the Republic Day
(January 26, 2005) by the President of India.
||Dr. MVS Valiathan
||Dr. N. Seshagiri
||Prof. VS Ramamurthy
||Prof. B Dattaguru
||Dr. Dipankar Banerjee
||Dr. Srikumar Banerjee
Engineering Excellence Awards
Life Time Contribution Award in Engineering
Prof. V. Rajaraman, Honorary Professor, Supercomputer Education
and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
and Prof. GS Sanyal, Adviser, Vinod Gupta School of Management,
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur have been selected
for Life Time Contribution Awards in Engineering 2005 for
making most distinguished contributions in the field of Engineering/
Engineering Research/Technology, which have brought prestige
to the nation and regarded as landmarks of technological development
of the country.
Prof. SN Mitra Memorial Award 2005
Prof. SN Mitra Memorial Award has been instituted in the
memory of Late Prof. SN Mitra, first Honorary Secretary and
Past Vice-President of the Indian National Academy of Engineering.
Prof. AB Bhattacharyya, Formerly Professor, CARE, IIT Delhi
and formerly Programme Director, VLSI Design, Department of
Physics, Goa University, has been selected for Prof. SN Mitra
Memorial Award 2005.
Young Engineer Award 2005
The Academy in 1996 instituted INAE Young Engineer Awards
for excellence in design and technology transfer, innovative
development and engineering research. So far, 87 young engineers
have been conferred this Award and their early recognition
has encouraged the best upcoming talent to make innovative
engineering and technological contributions for our national
The nominations for this award for the year 2005 were sought
from INAE Fellows, Engineering Institutions, R&D Laboratories
during March 2005. Out of fifty four candidates including
sixteen carried over from the previous years, eight candidates
have been selected for the INAE Young Engineer Award 2005.
Innovative Student Projects Award 2005
The Academy has instituted Innovative Student Projects Award
since 1998 to identify innovative and creative research projects
undertaken by the students at three levels, BE/ B. Tech.,
ME/ M. Tech. and Ph. D. in Engineering Colleges. The Scheme
envisages joint projects among Industry, Research Laboratories
and Academic Institutions.
Sixty one nominations were received during the year. Four
candidates at Doctoral level, five at Master's level and nine
at Bachelor's level have been selected for conferment of Innovative
Student Projects Award 2005.
International Conference on "Road
Map to Hydrogen Economy"
An International Conference on "Road Map to Hydrogen
Economy" was organized on March 4- 5, 2005 at National
Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad. The Conference
was inaugurated by Dr. Anil Kakodkar, Chairman, Atomic Energy
Commission and Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy, Mumbai.
The objective of the Conference was to take timely initiative
to spearhead an effort to bring into focus this strategically
important emerging technology which brought together experts/scientists/technologists
engaged in this field to dwell on important topics and to
give direction to the efforts being made in this important
The sub-themes of the Conference were Innovative Pathways
to Hydrogen; Storage and Dispensing of Hydrogen; Application
of Hydrogen for Energy Production; Large Scale Hydrogen Production
Processes - Current Status; Safety and Codes of Practice and
Economic Issues. The discussion led to draw future road map
towards hydrogen economy and a Policy Paper covering major
recommendations of the Conference is under preparation.
Indian Engineering Heritage
The INAE Study Group on Indian Engineering Heritage-Metallurgy
organized a Discussion Meeting on "Delhi Iron Pillar"
on March 11, 2005 at Indian National Science Academy, New
Delhi which was supported by Department of Science and Technology,
Department of Culture and Archaeological Society of India.
The Delhi iron pillar has long attracted the admiration of
historians and curiosity of metallurgists mainly for its large
size, manufacturing, and its excellent state of preservation.
Several theories have been proposed in the past to explain
the origin, manufacturing technology and superior corrosion
resistance of the Delhi Iron Pillar which has withstood corrosion
for the last 1600 years. However, there has been no unified
theory or mechanism to explain the origin, manufacturing technology
and longstanding corrosion resistance of the Pillar. The recommendations
for future work were made.
Lecture by Prof. Norman Jones
A lecture was organized at India International Centre, New
Delhi on March 14, 2005 by Prof. Norman Jones, AA Griffith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Director of Impact
Research Centre, The University of Liverpool, Department of
Engineering, UK on "Some recent developments on the response
of structural members subjected to large impact and blast
loadings". Prof. Jones is a renowned mechanical engineer,
whose contributions in theoretical, numerical and experimental
studies into the dynamic inelastic behaviour of structure
and systems have been recognized internationally.
INAE Industry Executive Forum Meeting
A meeting of the INAE Industry Executive Forum was held on
June 17, 2005 in the Board Room of National Academy of Construction,
Hyderabad. The Forum discussed at length about the necessity
for Academia -Industry to come closer for participation in
the industrial development and the areas of interest in the
respective industries. It was brought out during the meeting
that in many National Academies of Engineering, there is a
representation of 50% from industry. In this context, the
Forum proposed to work out a methodology of recommending prominent
persons from industry and induct them as Fellows in the coming
three to four years time.
AICTE-INAE Distinguished Visiting Professorship
The 8th Steering Committee Meeting of the AICTE- INAE Distinguished
Visiting Professorship Scheme was held on August 5, 2005 at
INAE Secretariat, New Delhi. Thirty Four nominations received
for the year 2005 were discussed. After deliberations, the
Committee selected 13 Distinguished Visiting Professors. A
book containing the lectures delivered by industry experts
has been brought out.
Election of Fellows 2006
The Sectional Committees of the Council met on August 19,
2005 at New Delhi and gave recommendations of nominees for
various engineering sections. The Governing Council met on
September 23, 2005 in which the Conveners/Acting Conveners
gave a brief on each of the nominees recommended by the Sectional
Committees. Forty five Fellows and five Foreign Fellows were
elected to the Academy effective from January 1, 2006.
INAE Forum on Engineering Education
In response to Parliamentary Committee of Ministry of Human
Resource Development, chaired by Shri Vayalar Ravi, M.P. inviting
the suggestions on University and Higher Education in India,
through an advertisement, that was published in the newspaper
on December 20, 2004; the Draft Discussion Paper on 'Policy
related to Higher Technical Education' was prepared by INAE
Forum on Engineering Education. The paper was circulated to
the Fellow to elicit their views/ comments. A symposium cum
discussion meeting on Higher Technical Education - Policy
Issues was held at NIAS, Bangalore on October 7, 2005 and
the report is being finalized.
Reports on State of Engineering and Technology
The draft reports on State of Engineering and Technology
were received and sent for peer review. A brain storming session
was held on November 11, 2005 at ECC Division, Larsen &
Toubro Ltd., Chennai to finalize the draft reports on "State
of Engineering and Technology" pertaining to all the
16th CAETS Convocation
CAETS held its 16th Convocation in Cairns, Australia, from
10-14 July 2005. The theme of the Convocation was "Oceans
and the World's Future". The Indian delegation comprised
Dr. K Kasturirangan, President,INAE, Dr A Ramakrishna, Immediate
Past President, Dr Placid Rodriguez, Vice President, Professor
C. V. Ramakrishnan, Honorary Secretary and Dr Vijay Agarwal
of Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad.
The main focus of the Symposium was to examine the scientific,
technological and engineering issues that link the world's
future with the oceans. The presentations by the international
experts assembled for the Convocation and the discussions
during the Convocation Symposium sessions and an associated
workshop on tsunamis, led the representatives of the twenty
academies attending the Council meeting of 14 July to issue
a call for urgent attention to the vital role of the oceans.
The CAETS Statement focuses on nine key conclusions:
- Climatic change in the ocean is a crucial issue for the
future of mankind;
- Human use of the marine environment must be made sustainable;
- Combined social and technological approaches are needed
to ensure the future of world fisheries;
- New technologies are emerging to enhance the efficiency
of marine transport;
- Global petroleum demand is driving ambitious new offshore
exploration and extraction technologies;
- The oceans can provide new resources of energy and minerals;
- To secure the sustainable future of the oceans and their
resources, we must continue to develop new technologies
for monitoring and data processing;
- We must develop and exploit emerging technologies for
disaster reduction; and
- The academies have a key role to play in ensuring the
wise and sustainable use of the oceans;
In the light of these conclusions, which are elaborated in
the Statement approved by the Council on 14 July and released
on 28 July 2005, CAETS made suitable recommendations to all
appropriate national and international organisations dealing
with the oceans.
The CAETS academies can help in many ways with the implementation
of recommendations through studies, information and advice.
In light of the detailed outcomes from the Cairns Convocation,
they would be pleased to do so. INAE has forwarded the CAETS
statement to the Department of Ocean Development of Government
Discussions were also held on individual activities of each
Academy and issues of concern. The points and issues in these
discussions had many commonalities as under:
- Integral water management;
- Energy sources and distribution;
- Sustainable and renewable energy technologies;
- Hydrogen and its future potential use in mobile and stationary
- National Science and Technology policies;
- Promotion of Engineering Excellence;
- Enhancing Academia-Industry Interaction;
- Engineering Education; and
- Attracting more people to a wider range of engineering.
A joint statement from international scientific, engineering,
and medical organizations was presented to the Heads of State
and Government meeting at the United Nations General Assembly,
September 2005. CAETS is a signatory to the statement. The
- that science, technology, and innovation are essential
components of effective strategies and programs for reducing
poverty and associated problems;
- that, to enable developing countries to pursue the evidence-based
policies required to achieve the Millennium Development
Goals, they will need sound mechanisms and essential infrastructure
for applying scientific and technological knowledge to national
problem solving; and
- that sustainable national structures and strategies are
needed to provide and maintain a source of well-trained,
knowledgeable people and urges that the United Nations enhances
its institutional capability to address urgent global issues
involving science and technology.
MOU with ATSE
The S&T Cooperation Agreement was signed between INAE
and Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
(ATSE) during the visit of the INAE delegation to CAETS in
July 2005. Consequent to this Agreement, ATSE has sent a proposal
to have a joint Australia-India Workshop on "Broadband
Communication and Information Technology" to be held
in Australia during May 2006.
Indian National Science Academy, New
The Academy was established in 1935, as an apex body of Indian
Scientists representing all branches of science and technology.
- The present Council Assumed office after the 70th Anniversary
General Meeting at Chennai in December 2004.
- Elected 26 scientists as Fellows and 2 overseas scientists
as Foreign Fellows. Fifteen Young Scientists (below 32 years
of age) were selected 'INSA Young Scientist Medal Award'.
Decided to increase the upper age limit from 32 to 35 years
for consideration of scientists for INSA Medal for Young
- Twenty two awards were announced (4 General Medals /
Lectures, 18 Subject-wise awards). 17 award lectures were
delivered during General Meetings and under the aegis of
- National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER)
was engaged to conduct a feasibility study and later to
work on the first ever India Science Report. The primary
and secondary data from all over the country was collected
and critically analyzed. The report has been completed and
is ready for release.
- Two study reports on 'Strategies and a Road-Map for Development
of Instrumentation in India' and 'Science Career for Indian
Women' were released. The reports have been well received
by concerned stakeholders.
- Organized, jointly with Department of Science & Technology
and Department of Ocean Development, a two-day Brainstorming
Session (January 21-22, 2005) on the Great Tsunami event
of December 26, 2004. The discussion in this and subsequent
meeting resulted in preparation of recommendations which
have now been taken up by the concerned agencies.
- The National Committees of various ICSU Unions were recognized
by clubbing together committees of overlapping subject areas
for greater interaction of scientists belonging to similar
Organized 10 major ICSU events in India including the General
Assembly of SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of Environment)
from February 7-13, 2005.
- Established scientific cooperation with Academia Sinica,
Taiwan to promote cooperation in all fields of science &
technology. The bilateral co-operation with Japan Society
for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) was reviewed to encourage
Indian and Japanese scientists to formulate joint research
programmes of mutual interest under this scheme.
- Participated in universal digital library project by
making available all publications (books and monographs)
in digital format.
The Academy during the period 2004-2005, financially supported
a number of scientists and scientific institutes for research
purposes through its ongoing schemes as detailed under:
Scientific Research & Research Training
in Basic Sciences
INSA supported 5 Research Professorships named after distinguished
Indian Scientists, 56 Senior Scientists, 24 Honarary Scientists,
30 Visiting Fellowships, 74 Seminars/ Symposia/ Conferences/
Workshops under the Science Promotion Programme. Under Young
Scientist Programme, INSA supported 17 Young Scientist Medal
History of Science Projects
During 2004-2005, under History of Science programme, 16
projects are supported under Modern, Medieval and Ancient
ICSU / NON-ICSU
As an adhering organization, Academy participates through
a delegation in the General Assemblies/ Congress such as IUGG,
IAU, IUBMB, IUPAC, IUBS, etc. During the year 2004-2005, the
Academy supported about 86 Scientists under ICSU programme
and about 375 Scientists under NON-ICSU programme.
Under the sponsorship of ICSU and its affiliated Unions /
Committees, the Academy organized following scientific events:
- International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP)
sponsored STATPHYS 2004 at Indian Institute of Science,
Bangalore from July 4-9, 2004.
- HAZARDS 2004 - An International Union of Geodesy &
Geophysics (IUGG) sponsored International Conference at
National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad from
2-4 December 2004.
- International Union of Pure & Applied Biophysics
(IUPAB) sponsored International Workshop on Biomedical MR
at INSA from 12-15 January, 2005.
- International Union of Pure & Applied Biophysics
(IUPAB) sponsored International Conference on Magnetic Resonance
in Biological Systems in Hyderabad during 16-21 January,
- Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE)
general Assembly at INSA, New Delhi during February 7-13,
Inter Academy Exchange Programme
In the year 2004-2005, 85 Indian scientists were deputed
abroad to work in academic R&D institutions and hosted
75 overseas scientists to work in Indian Institutions under
various bilateral exchange programmes.
INSA brought out following publications during the year:
- IJPAM - 12 issues
- PINSA - A - 6 issues
- PINSA - B - 6 issues
- IJHS - 4 issues
- INSA News
- Annual Report in English & Hindi
- Biographical Memoir
- Year Book
- Fellowship Nomination Books
Local Chapters/ Popularisation of Science
18 Local Chapters of INSA at various places in the country
primarily have been strengthening scientific activities, popularizing
science and promote interaction amongst the local scientific
community, local academies and learned bodies. Award lectures
are delivered under the aegis of Local Chapters.
Citation analysis based on CD-ROM database of Science Citation
Index, science information notes, current awareness and abstracts
are provided free of charge to scientific community and interested
groups. Receiving about 500 scientific and technical journals
under exchange arrangements and has collection of about 14,000
books covering History and Philosophy of Science, Science
Management and Science Policy.
A dynamic INSA website has been created and uploaded. Software
development for secretariat has also been initiated. The Academy
has digitized the printed version of INSA Journals since its
inception on e-format and which have been placed on INSA website
for online access globally.
Science Education Programme
INSA organized seminars / lectures on Science Advancements,
science teaching, science popularization for Science Students
and popular lectures to create public understanding of Science.
India Science Report
Realizing the need to measure quantitatively the scientific
progress made by the country, the Academy along with NCAER
had undertaken the work of preparation of an Indian Science
Report on the line of World Science Report of the UN. The
charter was to focus on science education, human resource
in science and technology and public understanding of science.
NCAER drew out an elaborate plan to collect primary data through
all India field survey and the report was released by Dr.
Manmohan Singh, Hon'ble Prime Minister of India on 28th September,
Emerging and Contemporary Issues
The Academy planned to bring out four reports in a year on
emerging subjects which could arguably have a major impact
on any or all sectors of India's economy. In line of the same,
the Academy has brought out report on 'Instrumentation in
India'; 'Science Career for Women' during the year 2004- 2005.
Brain Storming Session on the Great Tsunami
Event of December 26, 2004
A Brain Storming Session on January 21-22, 2005 was organized
jointly by DST, DOD and INSA, immediately after December 26,
2004 earthquake. It was attended by nearly 200 participants
from India and experts from abroad namely USA, CANADA, Japan,
Germany, Russia as well as representatives of the UN.
The deliberations took place in three technical sessions
and panel discussion. An overview and discussion of events
associated with the tsunami, efforts to monitor the effects
of the tsunami, public awareness/training and international
cooperative endeavours and discussion on the tectonic setting
of the region provided the necessary background for the discussions
on the deployment of a tsunami warning system for the Indian
National Science Day
The Science Day lecture on 'Tsunamis' was delivered by Dr.
S.R. Shetye, FNA, Director, NIO, Goa on 28th February 2005
in the Academy premises focusing on origin of Tsunamis.
CCSTDS (Earlier COSTED)
The Financial support by the Government of India for setting
up and maintaining the CCSTDS Secretariat located at Madras
is provided through INSA.
The Academy in association with DST and CSIR, established
a new center- CCSTDS (Centre for Cooperation in Science &
Technology among Developing Societies) in place of erstwhile
COSTED (Committee on Science & Technology in Developing
Countries). COSTED - a constituent committee of ICSU - was
wound up by ICSU. CCSTDS will primarily focus on Enhancing
mobility of S&T professionals in developing countries;
Capacity building in priority areas in S&T; Science Policy
studies and advocacy; Direct studies and reports in interdisciplinary
areas and information with particular reference to developing
countries; Awareness enhancement, sensitization and assistance
in evolving a shared objective in areas affecting the advancement
and applications of S&T in the developing world.
Indian Science Congress Association,
The Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) owes its origin
to the foresight and initiative of two British Chemists, Professor
J.L. Simonsen and Professor P.S. MacMahon. The Association
was formed with the following objectives:
(i) To advance and promote the cause of Science in India;
(ii) To hold an Annual Congress at a suitable place in India;
(iii) To publish proceedings, journals, transactions, etc.;
(iv) To popularize Science.
From a modest beginning, with 105 members and 35 papers communicated
for reading at the first session, ISCA has grown into a strong
fraternity with more than 15,000 members as on date. The number
of papers communicated for reading has risen to about one
thousand. There are at present fourteen sections and one committee.
Interaction with Foreign Scientific Academies/Associations
After independence, ISCA has been actively represented in
various foreign scientific academies/ associations, namely
British Association for the Advancement of Science, American
Association for the Advancement of Science, French Academy
of Sciences, Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, Sri Lanka Association
for the Advancement of Science, etc. with a view to have first
hand knowledge on topics of mutual interest.
Introduction of Focal Theme
The year 1976 witnessed a significant departure in the trend
of deliberations during the Congress. It was being felt for
sometime that such a gathering of scientists covering a wide
spectrum ought to be seized of national issues that have scientific
and technological implications. In 1976, Dr. M.S. Swaminathan,
the then General President of ISCA, introduced the Focal Theme
of national relevance which is now discussed in every congress,
during the annual session. This apart, several plenary sessions
are organised around various facets of the Focal Theme in
which scientists and technologists as well as policy makers
and administrators interact with one another. ISCA has thus
become a platform where members from different disciplines
and from different walks of life can contribute to discussions
on the Focal Theme.
Another significant breakthrough was made in 1980-81, when
the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India,
has set up permanent Task Force involving representatives
of ISCA and chiefs of different agencies and voluntary organisations
Chaired by Secretary, DST, as being responsible for follow-up
action on various recommendations on the Focal Theme. Every
year followup actions on recommendations made in the previous
Science Congress are discussed at a general session organized
by DST during the Science Congress. Through this process,
the Indian Science Congress Association has been contributing
to the development of Science in general and National Science
Policy, in particular.
Young Scientists Award Programme
The Indian Science Congress Association introduced a programme
for the benefit of young scientists from the 68th Session
of the Indian Science Congress in 1981. The Programme enables
young scientists to present their proposed research work with
opportunities to exchange ideas in the relevant scientific
problems with their counterparts and specialists. The ISCA
Young Scientists Award has been enhanced from Rs.5,000/- to
Rs.25,000/- starting with 93rd Indian Science Congress held
in January 2006, to encourage talented young scientists.
Presentation of Papers
It was decided that generally most of the contributed papers,
which are accepted on the basis of a careful screening to
be done by the concerned Sectional Presidents with the help
of some experts, will be presented mostly by way of posters
from the 1998 Session. Further, to encourage scientists it
was decided that at most two Prizes of Rs.1,000/- in cash
along with a certificate be awarded to the best presentation
in each section from the 1999 Session. This is now enhanced
to Rs. 2,000/- from 93rd Indian Science Congress in 2006.
Oral presentations of some selected contributed papers are
also included in the programme of each section.
There are at present 18 ISCA Chapters in different parts
of India viz.Bangalore, Baroda, Bhubaneswar, Bhopal, Bodh-Gaya,
Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kanpur,
Karnal, Kolkata, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patiala and Shillong.
The National Technology Day and the 38th Engineer's Day were
celebrated by The Indian Science Congress Association on 11th
May, 2005 and 14th September 2005 respectively. World Environment
Day on 6th June was celebrated by the ISCA Kolkata Chapter
in the Federation Hall, Kolkata.
- A seminar on "Concept, Causes and Consequences of
Tsunami" was also organized by the ISCA Kolkata Chapter.
- The Association in collaboration with Jatiya Vigyan Parishad
observed the birthday of the famous scientist Meghnath Saha
on 6th October, 2005.
Participation in Fair
The Indian Science Congress Association, Kolkata participated
in the Kolkata Book Fair held in January 2006.
During the year under report, the Library of the Indian Science
Congress Association subscribed many Indian and Foreign journals.
The Library is open to all categories of members of the Association
as well as school, college and university teachers.
The year under report witnessed a significant number of publications
brought out by the Association. The publications brought out
were: General Information - 93rd Indian Science Congress,
ISCA Directory : 2005-2006, List of Office-Bearers & Sectional
Committees for 2005-2006, Honorary Members, Donor & Life
Members for 2005-2006, Members (With Voting Right) for 2005-2006,
Annual Report : 2004-2005. Six issues of the bi-monthly journal
Everyman's Science (Volume XXXX) were brought out.
Proceedings of the Ninety-third Annual Session of the Indian
Science Congress Association and Synopses of the Presentations
of ISCA Young Scientist Awardees for 2005 are under process
93rd Indian Science Congress
The 93rd Indian Science Congress was held at Hyderabad
under the auspices of the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural
University from January 3-7, 2006. The focal theme of the
Congress was "Integrated Rural Development: Science and
Technology". Nine Plenary Sessions devoted to different
facets of the focal theme were organized.
Besides, there were Platinum Jubilee Lectures, Endowment
Lectures, Contributory Papers, Poster Presentations and Young
Scientist Award Competitions in 14 different sections viz.
Agriculture and Forestry Sciences; Animal, Veterinary and
Fishery Sciences; Anthropological and Behavioural Sciences
(including Archaeology and Psychology & Educational Sciences);
Chemical Sciences; Earth System Sciences; Engineering Sciences;
Environmental Sciences; Information and Communication Science
& Technology (including Computer Sciences); Materials
Science; Mathematical Sciences (including Statistics); Medical
Sciences (including Physiology); New Biology (including Biochemistry,
Biophysics & Molecular Biology and Biotechnology); Physical
Sciences; and Plant Sciences.
The twenty-four awardees were selected for the year 2005-2006.
The awards were conferred to the respective recipients during
the 93rd Indian Science Congress.
Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore
The Academy founded in 1934 by Sir CV Raman has completed
seventy-one years of its existence. The main activities of
the Academy continue to be publication of journals, identifying
and electing outstanding scientists as Fellows and Associates,
promoting the cause of science education in the country, etc.
This is the major activity of the Academy and eleven journals
in diverse disciplines and varying frequencies are published.
These are (a) Bulletin of Materials Science; (b) Journal of
Astrophysics and Astronomy; (c) Journal of Biosciences; (d)
Journal of Chemical Sciences; (e) Journal of Earth System
Science; (f) Journal of Genetics; (g) Pramana (Journal of
Physics); (h) Proceedings (Mathematical Sciences); (i) Resonance
- Journal of Science Education; (j) Sadhana - Academy Proceedings
in Engineering Sciences; (k) Current Science (fortnightly).
Several special issues on topical themes are regularly published
as part of the journals. Some of these were on chemical reactivity,
sedimentary geology, electronic commerce, statistical physics,
nanoscience and technology, ultrapure materials and astroseismology.
These journals are managed by active scientists which ensures
the quality of these journals both in content, production
and printing. All the journals are available in full text
form in the Internet thus increasing the visibility of the
journals worldwide. Many journals are now adopting the online
journal management system.
The mid-year scientific meeting in July 2005 was held in
Bangalore and the regular meeting in November 2005 at Tiruchirappalli.
The mid-year meeting was attended by about 200 Fellows and
Associates. There were several lecture presentations on semi-popular
topics, three special lectures and a public lecture on "The
need for shared vision between academia and industry".
The seventy-first Annual meeting (11-13 November 2005) held
at Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli was attended
by nearly 300 participants from outside, among others, contained
two special lectures and two evening public lectures - one
on "Science for our future: Personal reflections on doing
science in India" and another on "Cancer causes
and prevention". Two half-day symposia on "Physics
and Chemistry of Materials" and "Genomic Landscape
and Structure of the People of India" were held.
A discussion meeting on "Machine learning" was
held in September 2005 in Bangalore.
To improve the quality of science education and its teaching
several programmes including the following were continued
to be undertaken by the Academy:
Summer fellowships: Two-month summer fellowships are
awarded to bright students and motivated teachers to work
with Fellows of the Academy on research-oriented projects.
More than 250 summer fellowships were awarded during the year
to students and teachers to work in several institutions in
Participation of teachers in Academy meetings: From
the Academy database of teachers, 100 teachers around the
country were invited to participate in the two Academy meetings
as guest participants to provide them opportunities to attend
scientific programmes as well as to interact with Fellows.
Refresher courses for teachers: This important programme
for teachers is designed to help motivated teachers to improve
their knowledge and teaching skills. The course is of two-week
duration and consists of lectures, discussion sessions and
tutorial sessions. The following refresher courses were held
during the year: (a) Instructional workshop on cryptology,
Kochi; (b) Experimental Physics, Guwahati; (c) Workshop on
foundations of physics, Durgapur; (d) Interdisciplinary approaches
in biology, Hyderabad; (e) Earth system science, Bangalore;
(f) Theoretical physics, Changanassery, Kerala; and (g) Mathematics
-Probability, stochastic processes and applications, Kochi.
Lecture workshops for students/teachers: Academy arranges
2-3 day lecture programmes on chosen topics at selected college
and university departments in the country for local students
and teachers. Speakers include fellows and others from nearby
institutions. During the year, these lecture workshops were
held on different topics at Madurai Kamaraj University; University
of Pune; Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi; Sri Sathya
Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthinilayam; Daulat
Ram College, New Delhi; MS University of Baroda; CMS College,
Kottayam; St. Pious College, Hyderabad; and Maharani Lakshmi
Ammanni College, Bangalore.
During the year, the Academy also brought out a Document
on Scientific Values which contains the ethical guidelines
for the Fellows of the Academy.
The National Academy of Sciences,
The 74th Annual Session of the Academy was held at Jaipur
under the joint auspices of the University of Rajasthan (UoR)
and the Birla Institute of Scientific Research (B.I.S.R.)
from December 2-4, 2004. During the Annual Session, a National
Symposium on "Science and Technology for Desert Development"
was also organized. The Annual Session and Symposium were
inaugurated by Hon'ble Prof. M.G.K. Menon, F.R.S., Former
Minister for Science & Technology, Government of India.
Prof. M.G.K. Menon delivered the keynote address of the Symposium
on "Science and Technology for Desert Development".
A book on 'Biodiversity - Status and Prospects' edited by
Prof. Pramod Tandon, Prof. Manju Sharma and Dr. Renu Swaroop,
was also released by Prof. M.G.K. Menon. The book is a compilation
of the scientific papers presented in the symposium on Biodiversity
held at Shillong.
Scientific Sessions of Annual Session
A combined Session of Physical and Biological Sciences was
held on December 3, 2004 in the University of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
Prof. Ashok Misra, Director, IIT-Bombay, Mumbai delivered
the Presidential Address of Physical Sciences Section on 'Polymer
Blends & Composites - Macro to Nanoscale' while Prof.
Amit Ghosh, Director, IMTECH, Chandigarh delivered the Presidential
Address of Biological Sciences Section on "Emergence
and Re-emergence of Infectious Diseases : The Cholera Paradigm".
The invited speakers in the Section of Physical Sciences
viz. Prof. S. Bhattacharya, Director, TIFR, Mumbai and Prof.
B.K. Sharma, Department of Physics, UOR, delivered their lectures
on "Seeing is believing" and "Magnetic Compton
Scattering and Measurements of Momentum Distribution of Magnetic
Electrons" respectively. The invited speakers in Biological
Sciences Section were Prof. Raghavendra Gadagkar, IISc, Bangalore
and Dr. Rukhsana Chowdhury, IICB, Kolkata.
Dr. Shipra Singh, Department of Chemistry, University of
Allahabad, Allahabad and Dr. Pragya Khanna, Department of
Zoology, Govt. Degree College, Jammu were selected for Swarna-Jayanti-
Puraskar for Best Paper presentation in the Sections of Physical
Sciences and Biological Sciences respectively. The puraskar
comprised certificate and cash prize of Rs.5000/= each.
Memorial Lecture Award
Prof. K. Kasturirangan, Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha)
and Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore
delivered Prof. Meghnad Saha Memorial Award Lecture (2003)
on "The Emerging Era of Space Science in India"
on December 4, 2005 in the Auditorium of Birla Institute of
Scientific Research, Jaipur. Prof. M.G.K. Menon chaired the
award lecture. Prof. Menon, while introducing Prof. Kasturirangan
highlighted the contributions of Prof. Kasturirangan in science,
especially Space Science (Figure 12.1).
Figure 12.1 : Prof. Jai Pal Mittal, President reading the
citation of Prof. Meghnad Saha Memorial Lecture Award conferred
on Prof. K. Kasturirangan. Prof. M.G.K. Menon is also seen
in the picture.
Emphasizing the significance of the India's forthcoming moon
mission, former ISRO Chairman Prof. Kasturirangan said that
Chandrayan-I would further the knowledge of the moon and establish
India as a leading international space partner. "It's
a wonder how so little is known about the nearest satellite
to earth," he said.
Pointing out to some of the unique features of the mission,
he said that it would map, for the first time, the surface
of the moon in 3-D, using high-resolution remote sensing instruments
in the visible, near infrared, low and high-energy X-ray regions.
It would also study the distribution of various minerals and
elemental chemical species covering the entire lunar surface
and look for surface or sub-surface water on the moon.
Besides firmly establishing India as a leading international
partner in space exploration, Prof. Kasturirangan said that
it would also give an impetus to young scientists in the country.
Also, it would help other countries, with similar socio-economic
conditions, to launch their own space exploration programmes.
Prof. Jai Pal Mittal, President of the Academy presented a
medal, citation and a cash award of Rs.10,000/= to Prof. Kasturirangan
for delivering the Prof. Meghnad Saha Memorial Award Lecture
Prof. B.K. Bachhawat Memorial Young Scientist Lecture Award
(2002) was given to Dr. Pratima Srivastava, Scientist C, Pharmaco
Kinetics and Metabolism Division, CDRI, Lucknow. She delivered
the lecture on 'Heme Metabolism: An Innovative Approach to
Harness Resistance Malaria on July 19, 2004.
Prof. N.R. Dhar Memorial Lecture Award (2003) was given to
Prof. Girjesh Govil, DAE-BRNS Senior Scientist, Department
of Chemical Sciences, TIFR, Mumbai. He delivered the lecture
on 'Metabonomics: A New Frontier of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance'
on July 29, 2004.
Human Resource Development
Science Communication Activities and National
Science Day Celebration
(I) Science Extension Lectures at Allahabad - 11 lectures
were held at Allahabad.
(II) Science Extension Lectures outside Allahabad -
Lectures were held at Satna (M.P.), Jaunpur (U.P.), Deoria
(U.P.) and Pratapgarh (U.P.):
A Vigyan Chaupal was organized at Abhayanand Educational
Institute and Intermediate College, Shivdharia, a suburb situated
at 30 km from Deoria on December 16, 2004. A large number
of students and teachers as well as local people attended
(III) Biological Sciences Workshop - The Academy organized
a one-day "Biological Sciences Workshop" in the
Department of Zoology, University of Allahabad on September
26, 2004 for the science students of +2 level of Allahabad
Intermediate Colleges. About eighty (80) teachers of the colleges
participated in the Workshop.
(IV) National Science Week - The Academy organized
science quiz, debate, oration and exhibition both for local
students of the intermediate colleges of Allahabad and the
students of different districts of Uttar Pradesh. An essay
contest was also organized for the students of Degree Colleges
of Uttar Pradesh; and creative writing & painting contest
as well as talent search (for Biological Sciences students)
were organized only for the local (Allahabad) students of
The teachers accompanying the participating students from
different districts of Uttar Pradesh were exposed to the excitement
of science through a workshop on the eve of National Science
Local Level Science Contests
- 'Talent Search' (for Biological Sciences students of
Class XI) was organized for the first time on February 12,
2005 in the Academy to select the best two students in Biological
Sciences from the local Intermediate Colleges of Allahabad.
- 'Science Creative Writing and Painting Contest' was organized
on February 17, 2005 in the Academy. 70 students of local
Schools participated in the contest. The topic was 'Fresh
Water Scenario after 25 Years'.
- The topics of Science Debate and Science Oration were
"Genetically Modified Crops are Boon for Indian Agriculture"
and "Present Day Life Style is Responsible for the
Health Problems", respectively.
- Science Essay Contest on Cyber Crime, for the students
of Degree Colleges of Uttar Pradesh, was held on February
26, 2005 at Allahabad.
- U. P. State Level Teachers' Workshop was held during
February 24 - 27, 2005. 55 teachers from the intermediate
colleges of 35 districts of U.P. participated in the workshop.
National Science Day Celebration
The National Science Day function was organized on February
28, 2005 in the Auditorium of the Academy. Prof. B.B.L. Saxena,
a Senior Fellow of the Academy in 2005, was the Chief Guest.
Prof. V.P. Kamboj, President of the Academy presided over
the function. Prof. S.L. Srivastava, welcomed the guests and
participants and gave a detailed account of the activities
undertaken by the Academy on the eve of National Science Day.
The National Academy of Sciences, India - Science Teacher
Award was given to Mrs. Meenambika Menon of Cambridge School,
Noida by Prof. V.P. Kamboj, President of the Academy.
Platinum Jubilee Celebrations of the
The National Academy of Sciences, India is celebrating its
Platinum Jubilee in the year 2005. The celebration was initiated
on January 22, 2005 with the lecture of Hon'ble Prof. M.G.K.
Menon, F.R.S. and Honorary Fellow of the Academy on 'Excitement
of Science (1905 - Miraculous Year of Einstein's Discoveries:
The 100 Years since)' in the Auditorium of the Academy at
Allahabad. Prof. Menon in his lecture said that persons in
the limelight make momentous impact on the Society, but people
like Einstein left indelible mark on the history irrespective
of time. He also threw light on the life of Einstein and his
discoveries and said that Einstein studied Brownian Motion
and elaborated the wave nature of light. His famous theory
of relativity was written in a lucid style with full of textual
literature and simple equations. The famous theory was based
on sheer observation sans any complicated equations and phenomenon.
Prof. Menon concluded his lecture with the example of the
age old lullaby 'twinkle, twinkle little star' and described
the star as a nuclear furnace. The other programmes proposed
in this connection are:
- The main function of the Platinum Jubilee Celebrations
would be held as a Symposium on 'Excitement of Science'
on October, 6-7-2005 at Allahabad. The Symposium was inaugurated
by His Excellency Hon'ble Prof A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, President
of India on October 6, 2005 at Allahabad - the day coinciding
with the birthday of Prof. Meghnad Saha, the Founder President
of the Academy. Several distinguished scientists of the
country participated in it.
- 21 'Satellite Symposia' to be organized in different
parts of the country.
- 'NASI-Platinum Jubilee Lecture Series' - About 25 Lectures
to be delivered by eminent scientists all over the country.
- Lectures in Colleges for (10+2) level Science students
to ignite them for excitement in science by Fellows/Members
spread throughout the country.
- Children Science Awareness Programme.
- Exposition of the three papers of Einstein viz. on Relativity,
Brownian Motion and Photoelectric Effect which have revolutionized
Science to students in Hindi, Bangla and English in the
International Year of Physics (2005).
- Publication of 'Challenges before Indian Science in 21st
- Publication of the 'History of the Academy'.
- Issuance of Special Cover and special cancellation on
the National Academy Sciences, India by Department of Posts.
The Academy published the following scientific periodicals
as per schedule of publication -
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India
- Section A, Physical Sciences - (Quarterly) 2004, vol.74,
parts II, III and IV, pages 368; 2005 vol. 75, part I, pages
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India
- Section B, Biological Sciences - (Quarterly) 2004, vol.74,
parts II, III and IV, pages 231; 2005 vol. 75, part I, pages
- National Academy Science Letters - (Bi-monthly) 2004,
vol.27, nos. 3 to 12 pages 372; 2005; vol. 28, nos. 1-2,
- Year Book 2005.
- Annual Report (2003-2004).
- Address of Prof. Amit Ghosh, Sectional President Biological
Sciences of 74th Annual Session.
- Abstract of Papers of Physical Sciences and Biological
Sciences Sections of 74th Annual Session.